DOM guide: Setting up

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This article describes how to obtain the Collada DOM and use it in a program.

Downloading the COLLADA DOM

The latest official release of the DOM is version 2.2, which is available as a download on Sourceforge.

You can also get the DOM from the SVN repository on Sourceforge. For that you'll need a Subversion client. To check out version 2.2, open a shell and run

svn co https://collada-dom.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/collada-dom/tags/2.2 colladadom

or, to check out the trunk, run

svn co https://collada-dom.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/collada-dom/trunk colladadom

Windows (Visual Studio)

Building the DOM

Project and solution files for Visual Studio are in

<dom-path>\projects

Project files for both VS 2005 and VS 2008 are provided. Open dom.sln and build the dom project for the DLL DOM, or build dom-static for the DOM static lib. The output goes to the <dom-path>\build folder. Before building the DOM static lib be sure to include daeZAEUncompressHandler.cpp in the project source files. This can be found in <dom-path>\include\dae folder.

Building client applications

In several paths below you'll see "vc8". That's for Visual C++ 8 (Visual Studio 2005). If you're using Visual C++ 9 (Visual Studio 2008), substitute "vc9" for "vc8" everywhere.

You'll also see "1.4" and "14", which refers to COLLADA 1.4. If you're using COLLADA 1.5, use "1.5" and "15" instead.

Setting up include directories

  • In your project, add these lines to the Additional include directories field in the General tab for the C/C++ project configuration settings:
<dom-path>\include
<dom-path>\include\1.4
<dom-path>\external-libs\boost

Setting up preprocessor definitions

  • In dom or dom-static project, add these lines to the Preprocessor Definitions field in the Preprocessor tab for the C/C++ project configuration settings:
BOOST_ALL_NO_LIB
PCRE_STATIC
DOM_INCLUDE_LIBXML

Linking with the COLLADA DOM static lib

  • Add the following lines to the Additional library directories field in the General tab for the Linker project configuration settings:
<dom-path>\build\vc8-1.4 (release) or <dom-path>\build\vc8-1.4-d (debug)
<dom-path>\external-libs\libxml2\win32\lib
<dom-path>\external-libs\pcre\lib\vc8
<dom-path>\external-libs\minizip\win32\lib\
<dom-path>\external-libs\boost\lib\vc8
  • Add the following lines to the Additional Dependencies field in the Input tab for the Linker project configuration settings:
libcollada14dom22-s.lib (release) or libcollada14dom22-sd.lib (debug)
libxml2_a.lib
zlib.lib
wsock32.lib
pcre.lib (release) or pcre-d.lib (debug)
pcrecpp.lib (release) or pcrecpp-d.lib (debug)
minizip.lib (release) or minizip-d.lib (debug)
libboost_filesystem.lib (release) or libboost_filesystem-d.lib (debug)
libboost_system.lib (release) or libboost_system-d.lib (debug)
Linker warnings/Runtime errors

When you build an application that links against the DOM statically, you might get a Visual Studio warning like this:

LINK : warning LNK4098: defaultlib 'MSVCRT' conflicts with use of other libs; use /NODEFAULTLIB:library

If you ignore this warning, you'll then get a runtime failure message that says

This application has failed to start because MSVCR80.dll was not found. ...

If you have this problem, go to the Ignore Specific Library section in the linker settings of your project and add msvcrt. Then relink your project. The link warning should be gone and your application should run fine.

Linking with the COLLADA DOM DLL

  • Add the following line to the Preprocessor Definitions field in the Preprocessor tab for the C/C++ project configuration settings:
DOM_DYNAMIC
  • Add the following to the Additional library directories field in the General tab for the Linker project configuration settings:
<dom-path>\build\vc8-1.4 (release) or <dom-path>\build\vc8-1.4-d (debug)
<dom-path>\external-libs\boost\lib\vc8
  • Add the following to the Additional Dependencies field in the Input tab for the Linker project configuration settings:
libcollada14dom22.lib (release) or libcollada14dom22-d.lib (debug)
libboost_filesystem.lib (release) or libboost_filesystem-d.lib (debug)
libboost_system.lib (release) or libboost_system-d.lib (debug)

Linux

Preparing the external libraries

You need both the libxml and PCRE headers and libs installed to build the DOM. For the domTest program you also need the Boost Filesystem library installed. These libraries are fairly popular and it's expected that most Linux distributions will provide them via the package manager, so these libraries aren't provided with the Linux DOM as they are for Windows and Mac. For example, in Ubuntu you could install these libraries using aptitude:

aptitude install libxml2-dev libpcre3-dev libboost-filesystem-dev

Building the DOM

On Linux, the DOM builds as both a static lib (.a) and as a shared lib (.so). All output goes to the <dom-path>/build folder.

Go to the COLLADA DOM directory and run

make

This builds a release version of the DOM. More extensive documentation of our make build system is available in the <dom-path>/make/readme file included with the DOM.

Important: make version 3.81 or higher is required to build COLLADA DOM. make 3.80 will fail with strange error messages. Also, g++ version 3.4 or higher is required; version 3.3 is known not to be able to build the source code.

Building client applications

Building a client app

If you have a file named test.cpp that works with the COLLADA DOM, you can build it to use the static DOM lib with g++ like this:

g++ -I<dom-path>/include -I<dom-path>/include/1.4 test.cpp -L<dom-path>/build/linux-1.4
 <dom-path>/build/linux-1.4/libcollada14dom.a -lxml2 -lpcre -lpcrecpp -lboost_filesystem -lminizip -o test

NOTE: you may need to add -lcollada14dom after specifying where the libraries are with -L.

Or you can build to use the DOM shared lib:

g++ -I<dom-path>/include -I<dom-path>/include/1.4 test.cpp  -L<dom-path>/build/linux-1.4 
 <dom-path>/build/linux-1.4/libcollada14dom.so -lxml2 -lpcre -lpcrecpp -lboost_filesystem -lminizip -o test

Installing the DOM for easier setup

When building client applications on Linux, it's convenient to install headers and libs to a standard system path, such as /usr/[include,lib] or /usr/local/[include,lib]. To install, go to the COLLADA DOM directory and run

make install

which puts the headers in /usr/local/include and the libs in /usr/local/lib. The make install rule also takes a 'prefix' argument that allows you to specify where to install to. See the make readme for more info.

You can uninstall by running

make uninstall

The DOM remembers your installation location and uninstalls itself from that location.

The main benefit of this is that you can make sure that the DOM shared lib is in your PATH, so you can easily run a program that links against the shared lib.

Mac

Note: The only officially supported version of OS X is 10.5 (Leopard), but the DOM used to work on Tiger and might still work, as long as you have GNU make 3.81 (available via Macports).

Building the DOM

Using Xcode

Xcode project files are in

<dom-path>/projects

The build output goes to the <dom-path>/build folder.

Using make and gcc

The Mac uses the same make build architecture as Linux and PS3. Simply run 'make' in the DOM folder to build a release framework. See the make readme for more info. The build output goes to <dom-path>/build.

'make install' is also available to copy the DOM framework to /Library/Frameworks.

Building client applications

Using Xcode

In Xcode, add the DOM framework to your project (Project->Add to Project). In the build configuration of your target, add <dom-path>/Collada14Dom.framework/Headers to Header Search Paths. For a debug build, the framework name is Collada14Dom-d.framework, so adjust paths accordingly.

Important! By default, Xcode 3 adds two preprocessor flags (_GLIBCXX_DEBUG=1 and _GLIBCXX_DEBUG_PEDANTIC=1) to the debug build of an application to enable extra debugging of the C++ standard library. These settings are incompatible with the DOM or any library that isn't compiled with those settings. These settings cause the DOM to crash when it tries to use C++ containers like std::map. To fix this, remove those flags from your debug build settings (make sure to check the target settings, not just the normal project settings). Another option is to rebuild the DOM with those flags set. To do so:

  1. Open the <dom>/make/common.mk file.
  2. Add "-D_GLIBCXX_DEBUG -D_GLIBCXX_DEBUG_PEDANTIC" to the line "ccFlags += -g -D_DEBUG".

Using make and gcc

Additional gcc compiler arguments:

-I<dom-path>/Collada14Dom.framework/Headers

Additional linker arguments:

-F<dom-path> (if the DOM isn't in a standard path such as /Library/Frameworks)
-framework Collada14Dom

For a debug build, the framework name is Collada14Dom-d.framework, so adjust the gcc arguments accordingly.

Using different installation locations for DOM framework

You can install the DOM framework in a different location than /Library/Frameworks. For example, you might use it as an embedded framework in your application bundle. To avoid linker errors, you can either:

  • Change the Installation Directory build setting in the DOM Xcode project and rebuild the project
  • Use otool and install_name_tool to modify an existing framework.

For more information, see

man otool

and

man install_name_tool

Windows (MinGW)

The DOM can be built on Windows with the MinGW compiler, which can be obtained from Sourceforge. The compiler that comes with the MinGW 5.1.3 automated installer was used for testing and building the external libs. The external libs should also work with newer versions of the compiler but that hasn't been tested.

In addition to the compiler you need a Unix environment that includes GNU make 3.81. For this there are at least two choices: MSYS (which can be downloaded from the Sourceforge link above) and Cygwin. Both should work fine.

Building the DOM

On Windows, the DOM builds as both a static lib (.a) and as a shared lib (.dll). All output goes to the <dom-path>/build folder.

Go to the <dom-path> directory and run

make

The MinGW build is very similar to the Linux build, so refer to that section and the make readme for more information.

PS3

The DOM works on the Cell OS Level 2, for example to be used in a PS3 game. The DOM uses the same make build architecture for PS3 as it does for Mac and Linux, so the same info applies. Run 'make os=ps3' in the DOM directory to do a release build. See the make readme for more info.

Some notes about the PS3 build:

  • Cell OS Level 2 doesn't support shared libraries, so only static DOM libs are built.
  • The DOM on PS3 uses TinyXml instead of libxml for XML parsing. You'll need to link TinyXml into your app.
  • PS3 libraries for PCRE and TinyXml are provided in the external-libs folder.
  • It should be possible to build the PS3 version of the DOM on Windows using the GNU makefiles via MinGW/MSYS, but this hasn't been tested.